Pollen is tiny particles which are released from grass, weeds and trees during each summer, spring and fall.
The main aim of pollen is to fertilize the parts of other plants, but they never do their task.
The type of pollen that commonly causes allergic symptoms is produced by the plain looking plants that do not have showy flowers.
Instead of this, pollen enters into the human throat and nose and triggers an allergic reaction called as seasonal allergic rhinitis, which is one of the forms of pollen allergies. Allergic rhinitis is also called as hay fever or rose fever.
Pollen is one of the most pervasive causes of allergies. So, avoid all the foods, animals or drugs and even insects and dust mites that cause pollen allergies.
People who are suffering with pollen allergies are also sensitive to other troublemakers that are there year round like dust mites and animal dander. There is no limit for sneezing for these allergy sufferers.
The chemical content in pollen is the essential thing that finds out whether it is possible to trigger hay fever. For instance, pollen from pine tree can be produced in large amounts which can trigger an allergic reaction.
Trees which produce pollen are the main cause of pollen allergies that include: pecan, oak, elm, mountain cedarn, ash, box elder and hickory.
Sometimes, the symptoms of pollen allergies can be very severe such as: allergic shiners – these are dark circles under your eyes, conjunctivitis – an inflammation of the membrane that lines eyelids and results in red-rimmed eyes, allergic salute – an upward rubbing of the nose which results in a crease mark on the nose, watering eyes, and sneezing.
When pollen enters the mucous membranes of the nose, a chain reaction takes place that causes the mast cells living in these tissues to release histamines. Histamines are the substances which trigger an allergic reaction.
Along with histamines, some other chemicals like leukotrienes and prostaglandins can also trigger allergic reactions like pollen allergies.
People with pollen allergies can also develop a respiratory condition like asthma which becomes severe during pollen season.
How to control pollen allergies?
- Avoid going out when pollen count is high. During afternoon and mid day, pollen count is high, so avoid going out during this time.
- Be careful while you are planning for outdoor activities with your family and children.
- Close outside windows and doors during the pollen season, particularly during the daytime.
- After playing outdoors, take a fresh bath, wash your hair and wear fresh clothing to avoid any pollen grains on your body.
- Use air conditioners and filters to reduce the pollen level. Ask your doctor about which type of air filter best suits for the home.
- Being indoors when there is high pollen level can prevent you to trigger from allergies.
Following these steps will prevent you from affecting with pollen allergies.