Mold, pollen and dust are the leading causes of allergies.
When you think about allergens, mold may creep to your mind more slowly than others.
Mold is one of the most common and insidious allergens [Mold Allergy Sources].
Mold allergies symptoms may present from spring to late fall.
You may be surprised by hearing the fact that more than 100,000 different species of mold can cause your allergic reactions. The species which cause mold allergies can live anywhere dark, damp or humid, including wood, fabric, tile paper and foods.
The areas where mold grows inside your house include air conditioners, attic, bathroom, basements, garage, heating vents and filters, and refrigerators. Outside places which stimulate mold growth are damp, shady areas, such as piles of wood, leaves and compost.
Mold can also grow in foam pillows, refrigerator cooling coils, washing machines, under sink cabinets, carpets, dryer vents, etc.
Mold allergies are not only due to mold, but also to mold spores. Mold which is considered as fungi can release millions of microscopic spores into the air. If the spore can settle into the place where conditions are right then it will grow into mold.
They often flow in the air so you can easily inhale them and cause mold allergies.
Symptoms of mold allergies:
The symptoms of mold allergies are very similar to the symptoms of other allergic reactions. They include:
- Chronic cough
- Hay fever
- Nasal discharge
- Scaling skin
- Sinusitis and inflammation of the sinuses
- Sinus headaches
- Stuffy nose
- Watery eyes
Mold spores can deposit on the lining of the nose and cause hay fever symptoms. These spores can also reach the lungs to cause asthma or some other serious illness called allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis.
Sometimes immediate reactions will appear in your body and sometimes the reaction is delayed. The symptoms of mold allergies often worsen in a damp or moldy room such as basement.
The symptoms of mold allergies may be brought on or worsened by eating certain foods, such as cheese, processed with fungi. Occasionally the symptoms may produce by eating mushrooms, dried fruits, and the foods containing yeast, soy sauce, or vinegar.
Medications for mold allergies:
Several types of medications are available for asthma and allergic rhinitis caused by mold allergies.
To control asthma symptoms:
If you experience asthma symptoms more than twice a week, your doctor may prescribe daily inhaled corticosteroids to control the asthma. Some other medications combine inhaled corticosteroids with long acting bronchodilators, which include fluticasone or salmeterol.
Bronchodilators are the quick acting relief medications and stop the symptoms of an asthma attack in progress.
To control allergic rhinitis:
Antihistamines: Common antihistamines such as loratadine, cetirizine, and fexofenadine are the medications which help in blocking the release of histamines and provide relief from the symptoms of mold allergies.
Decongestants: Helps in clearing mucus from the nose and sinuses and also gives relief from congestion, swelling and discomfort. Decongestants when used along with antihistamines can reduce the allergic symptoms.
For instance, desloratadine and Claritin-D, cetirizine and pseudoephedrine and fexofenadine and Allegra-D.
Nasal sprays: Corticosteroid nasal sprays help in reducing the production of mucus and swelling in the nose and are effective in reversing symptoms of mold allergies.
Cromolyn sodium: It prevents nasal symptoms from starting.
Before taking any of these medications to control the symptoms of mold allergies you should consult your doctor.