When considering child allergy, allergic rhinitis is a common problem in infants and kids.
Sneezing, itchy eyes, runny nose, and sore throat are some of the symptoms, which irritate many kids.
Some children suffer these symptoms occasionally at certain times of the year with seasonal allergy when exposed to outdoor allergens.
Other children will suffer perennial allergies round the year to indoor allergens.
The best treatment for allergic rhinitis or hay fever is the avoidance.
You can control child allergy symptoms by avoiding your child exposed to allergens either indoor or outdoor for which your child is allergic to.
When you fail to avoid child allergy, medicines are used to treat allergy symptoms. The option of medications is depended on various issues like severity of the allergy, child allergy symptoms, side effects to that medication, etc.
The most common group of medication that is used for child allergy is oral antihistamines. Diphenhydramine and chlorpheniramine are first generation antihistamines, but they include side effects of causing drowsiness.
So, these medications have been proved to decrease the school performances and learning difficulties in child.
Second generation antihistamines like cetirizine and fexofenadine have become first line of therapy in treating child allergy symptoms with less drowsiness when compared to first generation antihistamines.
The class of medication that is effective in treating nasal allergy as well as non-allergic rhinitis is topical nasal sprays. Flonase, Nasonex, Rhinocort, Nasacort, Nasarel are some of topical nasal sprays that can be used to treat child allergy symptoms.
These are affective in treating sneezing, nasal congestion, postnasal drip, runny nose, and itchy nose. Nasal irritation and nosebleed are some side effects with these nasal sprays.
Also there are over-the-counter nasal sprays that can be used in children as young as two to prevent allergy symptoms. Topical decongestants like phenylephrine are also helpful in treatment of nasal allergy for children.
Oral decongestants are useful group of medications to treat child allergy symptoms of nasal congestion and can be taken with or without combination of antihistamines. Long-term use of decongestants can cause insomnia, headache, nervousness, rapid heart rate, etc.
Immunotherapy or allergy shots have shown to be effective in treatment of child allergy, but children below five years of age should not receive allergy shots. According to the recent studies, administration of allergy shot in children for allergic rhinitis can prevent the development of asthma.
Leukotriene blockers like montelukast (Singulair) were developed for asthma and it is approved for the treatment of allergic rhinitis in children from six months old.
Studies have shown that Singulair is good at treating nasal congestion, but not at treating allergies when compared to oral antihistamines.
This medication should be taken daily for best results in treating child allergy and there are side effects with this medication like headache, fatigue, and abdominal pain, but they are very mild.
Before using any medication to treat child allergy, talk to your health care professional if that medication is right for your child and know the side effects included with that particular medication.