Frankly speaking there is no cure for allergy. You can find tons of allergy medicines.
Allergy medicines can only help with the problem but they won’t cure your allergy.
You can find both over-the-counter and prescription allergy medicine to relieve from the symptoms.
Both these medications include antihistamines, decongestants, corticosteroids, combination medicines and many others [Long-term allergy medications].
The allergy medicine that won’t works for you will work better for some others.
But most of you will get a question that how to choose an allergy medicine among such huge amount of collection. So in order to get proper knowledge to choose which type of medicine works better, you should know the below information.
The main type of allergy medicine used to treat allergies is antihistamine. It is drug that helps in blocking the release of histamines from your body. Histamine is a chemical in the body that when reacts with some allergens such as mold, pollen dust and so on produces allergy symptoms.
The symptoms may be itching, sneezing, sniffling, and nasal stuffiness. Antihistamine is an allergy medicine which helps you greatly in relieving those symptoms.
Types of allergy medicine:
First-generation antihistamines: These are ancient type of antihistaminergic drugs and are relatively inexpensive and widely available. This allergy medicine works effectively in the relief of allergic symptoms but have some side effects. They especially cause drowsiness, this makes difficult to take them on a regular basis.
Diphenhydramine or Benadryl, Carbinoxamine or Clistin, Clemastine or Tavist, Chlorpheniramine or Chlor-Trimeton, and Brompheniramine or Dimetane are the types of first generation antihistamine.
Side effects of first-generation antihistamines:
- Chest tightness
- Dry mouth
- Sore throat
Second-generation antihistamines: As first-generation antihistamines they won’t cause dizziness, but in some of you they can cause mild reactions.
Allergy medicines of the second-generation antihistamines include the following drugs: allegra or fexofenadine, Claritin or loratidine, zyrtec or cetirizine, and semprex or acrivastine.
Side effects of second generation antihistamines:
- Chest tightness
- Difficulty swallowing
- Dry mouth
- Dry nose
- Rapid heartbeat
Leukotriene modifiers: Leukotrienes are chemicals in your body that cause inflammation in the lungs, airway constriction, and excess mucus production.
Leukotriene modifiers help to prevent this from happening. You should take them at least once in a day. Allergy medicine of leukotriene modifiers includes montelukast, zafirlukast, and zileuton. [Side effects of allergy remedies]
Side effects of leukotriene modifiers:
- Abdominal pain
- Intestinal symptoms
Homeopathy medicine: This is an alternative treatment for allergies. This allergy medicine can be taken in tiny amounts of allergens by mouth to slowly desensitize you over time to allergens. This allergy medicine helps in relieving the symptoms such as coughing, itching, runny nose, and watery eyes.
Depending on the type of allergic reaction you can choose from the above mentioned allergy medicine. But before going to take any allergy medicine it is better to consult your doctor for better suggestions.