Many people are facing allergic symptoms in recent days.
It is a known fact that 1 in 4 Americans have allergies.
50 percent of the US citizens will be diagnosed with some type of allergy.
Types of allergy medications:
There are two types of medications that you have to take for allergy relief. These are:
- Over-the-counter drugs
- Prescribed medications
Over-the-counter drugs can be taken on your own. Most of the people like to take over-the-counter drugs to get some quick relief. 35 percent of the people like to take over-the-counter drugs.
Prescribed medications are physician suggested medications. Prescription medicine is being prescribed to more than 50 percent of the known allergy patients.
Allergy medications include oral antihistamines, nasal antihistamines, decongestants, nasal sprays. You can also use long-term allergy medications for relief.
Oral anti histamines are the most commonly prescribed allergy medications. They block the histamines and give relief from allergy symptoms. Oral anti histamine do not offer permanent relief. They temporarily relieve symptoms such as sneezing, itching, nasal drainage, and hives. They will not give permanent relief for nasal congestion.
Histamines act as neurotransmitter which helps nerve cells to communicate each other and allows your brain to work properly.
Drawbacks of oral anti histamines: Most of the antihistamines cause drowsiness, making it difficult to concentrate, and are used for short term relief. When taking oral anti histamines, read all the warnings. Other side effects of these allergy medications include anxiety, nausea, depression, fatigue, loss of appetite, and dry mouth.
Benadryl is one of the oral anti histamine. Doctors prescribe this medicine as a temporary quick relief because of its fast action. Benadryl is used to get relief from itching caused from poison ivy and oak, sunburns, watery eyes, runny nose, coughing, and insect bites and also relieves the itching caused from other allergens.
These allergy medications can be bought when prescribed by the doctor. These allergy medications can be applied directly into the nose. It is a steroid free medicine and it gives relief to the patient up to 12 hours.
The most commonly used nasal antihistamine is astelin. It helps to treat the symptoms of allergic rhinitis.
Read all the warnings when you buy allergy medications. Nasal spray causes some side effects like headaches, sedation, and drowsiness.
Decongestants help to reduce sinusitis. These allergy medications can be available in oral and nasal sprays and are helpful to decrease nasal symptoms such as runny nose, swollen nose and hey fever.
These allergy medications help to open the nasal passages and you can get relief from stuffy nose. Decongestants are available by prescription and over-the-counter, and they are sold in the form of pills, liquids, sprays, and drops.
Decongestants cause insomnia, nervousness, high blood pressure, and headaches.
Nasal sprays are two types, Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drops and corticosteroids drops. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drops are used to reduce the production of histamines. Corticosteroids are used for chronic symptoms like itching and swelling. Steroidal nasal sprays decrease inflammation, opens the nasal passages so breathing will become easier.
Side effects of these allergy medications are hypertension, cataracts, osteoporosis, headaches, and insomnia.