Although there is no cure for asthma, you can prevent asthma attack with effective management.
You can control and end the attacks soon after they begun with asthma attack treatment.
Asthma medications are used for asthma attack treatment which can be taken orally or inhaled in vapor form using metered-dose inhaler.
There are two kinds of medication for asthma attack treatment: bronchodilators, which reduce spasms and anti-inflammatory medications which reduce airway inflammation.
Immunotherapy is another asthma attack treatment for asthma which is caused by allergens. This treatment modifies your allergic response by repeated exposure to small amounts of allergens.
There are two kinds of medication for asthma attack treatment: long-term control medications and quick relief medications.
Long-term control medications:
Long-term medications for asthma attack treatment are used on a regular basis to prevent attacks and not to be used during an attack. These medications include:
- Leukotriene inhibitors such as singulair and accolade
- Inhaled steroids such as azmacort, vanceril, aerobid, flovent prevent inflammation
- Cromolyn sodium or nedocromil sodium
- Long-acting bronchodilators such as famoterol and serevent help open airways
- Aminophylline or theophylline
Inhaled corticosteroids are the preferred medicine for controlling mild, moderate and severe persistent asthma. They are generally safe when used as directed by the doctor. If you stop taking long term medications, your asthma symptoms worsen.
These medications are used to relieve the symptoms during an acute attack. These medications include:
- Short-acting bronchodilators such as proventil, ventolin, and xopenex
- Oral or intravenous corticosteroids which help to stabilize severe episodes of asthma
Quick relief medications are used to stop asthma symptoms before they get worse. Short acting beta-agonists are preferred quick-relief medicine. They act quickly to relax tightened muscles around your airways so that the airways can open up and allow more air to flow through.
Quick relief medicine should be taken immediately when you first feel the symptoms of asthma such as wheezing, coughing, tightness in the chest or shortness of breath. Quick relief inhaler should be there always with you at all times in case of an asthma attack.
Peak flow meter for asthma attack treatment:
Peak flow meter is a small device that measures the fastest rate of air that you can blow out of your lungs. It records your airflow. For asthma attack treatment, your doctor prescribes peak flow meter.
Peak flow meter recognizes the early changes that may be signs of worsening asthma. During the attack, the muscles in the airways tighten and cause the airways to narrow.
The peak flow meter alerts you to the tightening of the airways often hours or even days before you have asthma symptoms. This allows you when to take asthma attack treatment.
Once you start the treatment, you can be able to stop the narrowing of airways quickly and avoid severe asthma attack. The peak flow meter is also used to find out what triggers asthma, whether your asthma plan is working and when to seek medical emergency care.