Steps to Manage an Asthma Episode- First Aid for Asthma

Asthma is a condition that affects the airways, causing them to tighten and go into spasm, making breathing difficult. Asthma attacks can be triggered by allergies, stress, exercise, colds, and changes in temperature. As asthma sufferer can have several different types of medication to help them manage their condition. Below discussed are 4 first aid steps which will help you to manage asthma attacks.
Steps to manage an asthma episode- First Aid for Asthma

Step # 1Sit the person comfortably upright

Be calm and reassuring. Don’t leave the person alone.

Step # 2- Give 4 puffs of a blue/gray reliever

Use a spacer, if available (you can use Ventolin, airomir or asmol) Give 1 puff at a time with 4 breaths after each puff. Use the person’s own inhale if possible. If not, use first aid kit inhaler or borrow one. OR give 3 separate doses of a bricanyl or symbicort inhaler. If could not find puffer or you are out without a puffer you can use symbicort or bricanyl even though the person does not normally use these.

Step # 3 – Wait for 4 minutes

If the person still cannot breathe normally, give 4 more puffs. IF the person still cannot breathe normally, give one more dose.

Step # 4- Call an Ambulance Immediately

If the asthma patient is not able to breathe normally, immediately call an ambulance. And explain the doctor about the asthma attack. Keep giving reliever. Give 4 puffs every 4 minutes until the ambulance arrives. (children 4 puffs each time is a safe dose, adults: for a severe attack you can give up to 6-8 puffs every 4 minutes) for bricanyl, give 1 dose every 4 minutes, for symbicort, give 1 dose every 4 minutes (up to 3 more doses)

Tips to use Inhaler

  1. With spacer

  • Assemble spacer
  • Remove puffer cap and shake well
  • Insert puffer upright into space
  • Place mouthpiece between teeth and seal lips around it.
  • Press once firmly on puffer to fire one puff into space.
  • Take 4 breaths in and out of spacer
  • Slip spacer out of mouth
  • Repeat one puff at a time until 4 puffs taken. Remember to shake the puffer before each puff.
  • Replace the cap.
  1. Without spacer

  • Remove cap and shake well
  • Breathe out away from puffer
  • Place mouthpiece between teeth and seal lipids around it.
  • Press once firmly on puffer while breathing in slowly and deeply
  • Slip puffer out of mouth
  • Hold breath for 4 seconds or as longs as comfortable
  • Breathe out slowly away from puffer
  • Repeat one puff at a time until 4 puffs take; remember to shake the puffer before each puff.
  • Replace the cap.
  1. Bricanyl or Symbicort

  • Unscrew cover and remove
  • Hold inhaler upright and twist grip around and then back
  • Breathe out away from inhaler
  • Place mouthpiece between teeth and seal lips around it
  • Breathe in forcefully and deeply
  • Slip inhaler out of the mouth
  • Breathe out slowly away from inhaler
  • Repeat to take a second dose remember to twist the grip both ways to reload before each dose
  • Replace cover.

Posted in: ASTHMA TREATMENT

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