Asthma action plan is a written and customized plan to help you manage asthma events.
Asthma action plan is based on changes in respiratory symptoms and peak flow numbers.
It gives information about when and how you are taking medications and peak flow meter to you and your family.
It also helps to decide when to call your doctor and when to seek emergency medical care.
With asthma action plan, you can prevent asthma from getting worse.
It is designed to tell what to do when you experience changes in the severity of symptoms and in peak flow readings.
Each person’s experience and symptoms of asthma is different, so each action will be different too.
Green zone: When you are in green zone, you are doing well. You have no symptoms of asthma and you can do usual activities. Your asthma is well controlled, so you can get an asthma action plan that can use to manage asthma when it gets out of control.
Yellow zone: If your asthma is not totally controlled, then you are in yellow zone. You can see some symptoms like coughing, wheezing, tightness in the chest and shortness of breath.
You can also feel more tired, waking at night, allergy symptoms and unable to do usual activities. You need controller medication to bring your asthma back under control.
Red zone: Red zone is a danger zone which needs urgent medical care. Symptoms include severe cough, shortness of breath, wheezing, rapid breathing, and difficulty in talking.
What should the asthma action plan include?
Your asthma action plan should include:
Asthma symptoms: The symptoms to watch for include coughing, wheezing, tightness in the chest and shortness of breath.
Your action plan should include what to do when you wake up in the middle of the night with symptoms and when to increase treatment to manage symptoms of asthma. The plan should be based on severity of symptoms.
Peak flow numbers: It measures how well you are breathing. If your peak flow drops, you have trouble breathing. Peak flow zone can be used to indicate when your peak flow drops a certain percentage.
Asthma medications: Asthma action plan consists of medications which are taken long term and short term. Long term medications for asthma are taken every day.
Some medications are taken when you have asthma attack. These are quick relief medications. Work with your health care provider when to take asthma medications.
Phone numbers of emergency care: Your asthma action plan should include information about whom to call when your symptoms get worse.
Your doctor will help to give telephone numbers and locations of emergency care during daytime or night time. You should also write numbers of your family members and relatives at the time of emergency.
Your asthma action plan can help you manage asthma symptoms. Keep a copy of plan with your partner, family members and relatives.
The asthma action plan should be reviewed at least once a year. If you have any doubts about asthma action plan, consult your doctor and discuss with him or her.