Exercise-induced asthma is triggered by vigorous physical activity. People without chronic asthma can also experience the symptoms while exercising. At the time of normal breathing warm and moistened air passes through your nasal passages and on the contrary you breathe through your mouth while exercising which means you are inhaling cold and drier air.
This change of temperature reacts with sensitive muscle bands that narrows the airways and results in symptoms of exercise-induced asthma. Another factor which enhances exercise-induced asthma is the presence of pollens in the air as well as infection in upper respiratory system.
Symptoms include tightness in the chest, unusual fatigue during exercising, coughing, feeling short of breath, wheezing etc. Symptoms generally occur 5-20 minutes after physical exertion or 5-10 minutes after the end of brief exercise. If you are suffering with these symptoms immediately you should consult with doctor and can follow some steps to control this.
- You can choose medication before exercising to control as well as prevent exercise-induced asthma. The short-acting beta2 agonist inhalers (i.e. Pro-air, Ventolin HFA, Proventil HFA, Xoponex HFA) are most preferable medicines in this regard. These medicines can avoid the airways from contracting to control exercise-induced asthma for 4-6 hours.
- Bronchodilators (LABA) can be used for long run for the prevention of exercise-induced asthma. These medicines should be taken before 30 minutes of exercise. However it should be remembered to use these medicines combined with an inhaled corticosteroid as these medicines exfoliate the risk asthma attack according to Food and Drug Administration.
- Amalgamation of warm-up steps before exercise and cool-down steps afterward with the process of medication will assist you to control exercise-induced asthma. You have to be aware about the high count pollens in the air and should avoid outdoor exercises. For precaution you can wear a mask covering your mouth and nose.
- Sports involving intermittent periods of exertion like volleyball, baseball, wrestling, gymnastics and walking are well tolerated by people having exercise-induced asthma. Cold weather sports for example ice-hockey, ice-skating as well as basketball, field hockey is not suitable for people who are suffering with the aforesaid symptoms. As swimming is performed in warm and moistened environment, it is well tolerated by the deceased persons.
- Yoga can also prevent exercise-induced asthma. Inclusion of several asanas to your daily routine will help you to overcome these symptoms.
Exercise-induced asthma will not hamper your exercise routine if you religiously follow the aforesaid beneficial steps you will be able to control as well as prevent this pattern of asthma.
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