Cat allergy is the most common pet allergy. Up to 40 percent of the asthmatic patients are sensitive to cat allergy.
Cat allergens are the tiny particles found in the cat skin flakes and saliva.
Cats are fastidious groomers, so they deposit the allergen on their fur by licking themselves.
The protein present in the dander and saliva of cats can trigger allergic reactions. Male cats are more allergic than female cats.
Cat allergy symptoms:
Signs and symptoms usually may occur within minutes of exposure to dander and saliva.
- The most recognized features of cat allergy are immediate rhino conjunctivitis and wheezing.
- Chronic severe asthma attack
- Hives at the place where the individual comes in contact with cat fur or saliva. This symptom is called as contact urticaria.
- Cat allergen is the common trigger for Atopic eczema.
- The most common respiratory symptoms are:
- Red, itchy or swollen eyes
- Runny nose
- Coughing and wheezing
- Hoarseness in the throat
- Nasal congestion
- Post nasal drip
- Frequent bronchitis
- Some of the asthmatic symptoms are:
- Difficulty in breathing
- Chest tightness
- Lung congestion
Care for the cat to avoid cat allergy:
- Daily grooming of the cat can help to avoid allergens.
- Bath the cat weekly by using shampoos and conditioners.
- Avoid fleas and mites that will cause the cat to scratch, since due to scratch dander will come.
Home care to avoid cat allergy symptoms:
- Remove dander attracting furniture in your home.
- Try high efficient filters to remove cat dander from your house.
- Keep the cats outside your houses especially keep the bedroom cat free at all times.
- Wear a dust mask and gloves while grooming the cat.
- Use reputable allergy avoidance products throughout your home.
- Use hepa air filter. Air filter helps particularly to remove cat allergens.
- Increase the ventilation in your house because fresh air will reduce the allergens.
- Wash your hands and face after grooming or playing with your cat.
- Vacuuming your home every day will help to get rid of dander and hair particles and makes it easier to control your allergies.
Medications for cat allergy sufferers:
Medications depend on the type and severity of the symptoms of cat allergy. Specific illnesses that are caused by allergies such as asthma and eczema may require special treatments.
Some of the treatment options to relieve from cat allergy symptoms are:
- To relieve from hay fever symptoms you can use fast-acting antihistamines such as drugs including cholrphenamine.
- Some of the short-acting antihistamine also called as over-the-counter medications help to get relief from mild to moderate cat allergy symptoms. These medications can cause drowsiness.
- Long-acting antihistamines can cause less drowsiness. These medications include cetirizine and fexofenadine.
- Leukotriene receptors have proven very effective in dealing with allergic rhinitis.
- Decongestants can be used to relieve from nasal congestion. Avoid the use of decongestants for longer periods.
- Nasal sprays such as cromolyn sodium can be used to treat hay fever.